Euphorbia is a large, diverse genus of flowering plants, commonly known as spurge. Euphorbias range from tiny annuals to large and long-lived trees. The genus has over or about 2,000 members, making it one of the largest genera of flowering plants. Euphorbias from the deserts of Southern Africa and Madagascar have evolved physical characteristics and forms similar to cacti of North and South America, so they are often incorrectly referred to as cacti.
Watering: During spring/summer months, water when mostly dry. Suspend watering during winter months to once every 6-8 weeks, checking to ensure soil is completely dry before each watering.
Light Requirements: Bright, direct light. South and/or West light is ideal for these sun lovers.
Humidity Needs: Average household humidity, but does enjoy a warm spot.
Soil Preference: Well draining, sandy soil. A cactus or succulent mix is ideal.
Fertilizing: Well-balanced fertilizer at 1/4 strength 1-2x/month during spring/summer months. Suspend fertilizing during fall/winter.
Repotting: Every 4-5 years to ensure soil nutrients.
Pet Safe: No - many euphorbia contain an irritating sap and all are at least mildly toxic to pets.
Common Issues: Rot due to overwatering and/or overwatering in low light settings. Can be susceptible to mealy bugs, spider mites, scale, and white flies.
*Not intended to be a comprehensive list of varieties.
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