Philodendron is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae. The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepted 489 species; other sources accept different numbers. Regardless of number of species, the genus is the second-largest member of the family Araceae, after genus Anthurium. Philodendron species can be found in many diverse habitats in the tropical Americas and the West Indies. Philodendrons can also be found in Australia, some Pacific islands, Africa, and Asia, although they are not indigenous and were introduced or accidentally escaped.
Watering: Water when top 2-3" of soil is dry until water drains from bottom of pot. Do not leave sitting in drainage.
Light Requirements: Bright, indirect light. Avoid direct sun to prevent scorching.
Humidity Needs: Moderate, over 60%. Can be boosted with pebble trays and/or clustering with other humidity lovers. Misting can encourage fungus growth, so it's recommended to avoid this method for increasing humidity.
Soil Preference: Requires a well-draining soil mix that allows water retention but helps prevent root rot. A peat-based soil mix with additional perlite is ideal.
Fertilizing: Regularly apply a well-balanced fertilizer during spring/summer months.
Repotting: Repot in early spring/summer when soil is too compact or there are exposed roots. Repot a minimum of every 2-3 years to ensure soil nutrients.
Pet Safe: No
Common Issues: Overwatering leading to root rot and underwatering are the most common issues for maintaining a healthy Philodendron. Yellowing/discolored leaves = overwatering, brown/crispy leaves = underwatering. Spider mites and mealy bugs are also common pests.
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